4E’s© Option-Based 4 Hour Program

Our 4 E© four (4) hour program includes an approximate 90 minute presentation that provides a brief history of Active Killer incidents and the use of sole solution tactics.  Participants receive instruction on the 4E© core principles: Educate, Evade, Escape and Engage.

Students move out of the class where they then transition to our practical application or scenario-based training.  We believe that static presentations are not sufficient to prepare our clients for the realities of an Active Killer incident.  Tier One Tactical Solutions staff provide the participants an opportunity to employ our core principles in a more dynamic and realistic environment.  Each scenario is designed to build confidence through practical and applicable scenarios based upon actual Active Killer incidents. Through the progression of practical application scenarios, participants are provided tips and insight that has been accumulated through over 50 years of law enforcement experience designed to improve their survival. 

As an added exercise (in addition to our presentation and scenarios), students can participate in a tabletop exercise.  These critical incident tabletops that are led by our instructional staff are based upon your organization’s critical incident plans and procedures.  Your staff will be encouraged to think beyond the initial incident and consider post-event operations continuity.

This total package emersion training culminates in personnel who feel empowered, no longer willing to accept that their fate will be dictated by others when faced with a life threatening crisis.  Previous clients have also expressed that our 4E© program has served as a dynamic and rewarding team building exercise.


4E Program Descriptions


4E© Program for Students

The #1 Question we receive from our educators: “How do we teach the 4E© Program to our children?”  Answer? Our 4E© Presentation just for kids!  With input from educators, including those who specialize in early child education, our program provides all of the life-saving skills taught at the adult level but in a fun, non – threatening environment.

School Bus Intruder Defense

It is estimated that there are 480,000 school buses in the United States.  Across our country, millions of students attend school safely every day.  Our Bus Drivers are an integral partner in the safety of our children, which is why we have developed our School Bus Intruder Defense Program.  Incorporating the 4E© principles, we include tactics that drivers can employ to interrupt an Active Intruder on a bus and save lives. 

Faith – Oriented 4E© Intruder Defense

Sadly, even our houses of worship are no longer free from the violence of Active Killers.  According to statistics, from 1999 to the second quarter of 2015 there have been 1,018 Deadly Force Incidents (DFI) in faith based organizations in the United States.  Incorporating the core principles of the 4E©, this program integrates human behavior characteristic recognition along with detection techniques that empower your staff and volunteers to combat Active Killer Incidents.

4E’s© Train the Trainer Program

Our most popular program, the Train the Trainer course, gives our clients the ability to provide instruction on the 4E’s© and Options-Based solutions utilizing their own employees at their own locations.   Our comprehensive, 16-hour course provides classroom and hands-on training on how to instruct the 4 E’s©. 

Click Here to learn more about the 4E’S© Train The Trainer Program

Additional Programs

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Heartsaver® CPR AED

Heartsaver® CPR AED is a video-based, instructor-led course that teaches adult and child CPR and AED use, infant CPR, and how to relieve choking in adults, children, and infants. This course teaches skills with the AHA’s research-proven practice-while-watching technique, which allows instructors to observe the students, provide feedback, and guide the students’ learning of skills.

This course is for anyone with limited or no medical training who needs a course completion card in CPR and AED use to meet job, regulatory, or other requirements.


  • Video-based course ensures consistency

  • Instructor-led, hands-on class format reinforces skills proficiency

  • Course is updated with the new science from the 2015 AHA Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Car

Bank Robbery Prevention

This one to one and one half hour course is designed for those persons with responsibility for the operations and services in public banking. This course examines the most common procedures associated with bank robberies and appropriate responses when confronted by such crisis. It includes best practices, pre-identification factors, response methods and recovery. Primary focus is the safe conclusion and mitigation of any robbery encounter. 

Corporate Security for Employees

This one to one and one half hour course is tailored for specific business customers and includes an inspection of the premises and site specific recommendations for course attendees. The initial security walk through, separate from the classroom presentation, will include an examination of the facility, current hazard planning, and best response possibilities for employees. The course lecture will include active killer, workplace violence prevention, and de-escalation techniques in addition to response methodology for workplace violence. 


Women’s Personal Safety

This one hour course is designed for women of all ages. This course includes an examination of victimology and specific information to reduce the likelihood of becoming a victim. Personal safety topics such as home safety, shopping, driving, jogging, safe school awareness and other specific daily activities are examined. The attendee will learn how to prevent victimization or how to respond if confronted by a subject. While no hands on demonstrations are included in this course, specific tips and techniques will be examined and discussed.  

Crime Prevention through Environmental Design

This service is intended to assist businesses, schools, and retail organizations with future growth and physical structure. An examination is conducted of future plans and architectural designs of projects prior to their construction, with crime prevention recommendations provided intending to reduce cost upon completion of building projects. Often recommendations can be made in the design phase, pre-construction, with an eye to safety and crime prevention, which allows for changes in final construction. This reduces costly mistakes and retro-fitting of crime prevention mechanics and fixtures which if planned into a project usually greatly enhances safety and reduces cost. Service includes comprehensive review and a report including written recommendations for future planning.


All Hazard Planning

This service includes the examination of current All Hazard Planning within the client environment and specific recommendations based on current best practices and legal ramifications of response procedures. The examination will include fire, weather, terrorist, workplace violence, active killer, and human resource training and response as well as recommendations for improvements in policy and training for employees and managers. This service includes a written review of existing plans and recommendations for best practices to include recommended changes to existing documents. 

Security Surveys  

This service includes an in-depth examination of the client’s work, school or retail environment, physical structure, policies, procedures, plans and response methodology to a myriad of hazards. Recommendations for best practices and improvements to existing plans will be made. In businesses with no existing plan in place, model plans will be provided and tailored to the customer’s environment.  Specific recommendations includes, but is not limited to, physical structure, technological improvements, policy modification, training or actual practice identification. Often times in the corporate world, policies, procedures and plans are in place, however in examining the actual practice, a disconnect exists, exposing the company to specific liability. This service includes an extensive written report with detailed observations and recommendations for improving security, which may be used for future planning.

Table Top Exercises 

This service is designed to test various levels of employees on their hazard planning and emergency responses. A written tabletop exercise is provided specific to the client and its organization, and seeks to test the ability of the employee to respond to a realistic emergency situation as well as test the plans, procedures and real life response of all involved. This exercise typically involves management at the highest level of the organization, mid-level managers and employees with specific responsibilities in the implementation of existing plans. The goal of this service is to identify weaknesses in a response plan, reinforce strengths and provide stress on employees which simulates a real world incident. This service includes a copy of the table top exercise for reference as well as written recommendations and graded assessment of the overall success for the table top exercise.

Sovereign Citizen Awareness (4 hour)*

Ideally suited for law enforcement officers, court personnel, corrections staffs, etc., this class is a safety-oriented awareness briefing on the dangers regarding Sovereign Citizen Extremists; Sovereign Citizen Extremism is one of the fastest-growing and most dangerous domestic terror movements in the United States today. Topics covered include an explanation of the cycle of radicalization, the history of the SC movement, common schemes employed by SCEs, tactics/techniques/practices that indicate a SCE, best practices to safely interact with a SCE, case studies, intelligence gathering and referral, and defense tactics regarding paper terrorism. This training can be tailored for specific audiences, e.g. court staff, jail staff, assessors, etc.

The Basic Human Communication Model (4 hour)

This course covers a breakdown of how humans communicate. Explanations of verbal communication, non-verbal communication, communication competencies in dealing with diverse communities, moderated communication, kinesics, semiotics, source vs. receiver characteristics, decoding, etc. This class is a student favorite as it incorporates examples drawn from movies, television, etc. This class is a benefit to all employees, regardless of profession or role, and consistently receives overwhelmingly positive reviews

Modern Policing: Use of Force (4 hour)

Use of force in modern policing is often misunderstood and misapplied. This course explains the roots of how courts view use of force via an exhaustive review and interpretation of Graham v. Connor (1989) as well as more contemporary cases from Federal appellate courts. Students review actual footage of police actions and evaluate the police conduct based on criteria drawn from the landmark 1989 decision. Especially valuable for supervisors, commanders, and field training officers, the course provides instruction regarding proper scene response for uses of force and provides examples of thorough and complete use of force reviews, to include discussion of how communities can be disfranchised by poor or failed use of force investigations.

Financial Crime Investigation and Prosecution Strategies (2 hour)

This course provides the building blocks of successful investigations and referrals for prosecutions of financial crimes. Found valuable by both experienced and new investigators, this example-driven class provides best practices illustrations on transitioning financial crimes cases from initiation to conviction.

Mobile Deposit Fraud Investigations and Prosecutions (2 hour)

As technology has changed in banking, so have the tactics employed by fraudsters and thieves. Sadly, statute rarely keeps pace with the nefarious tactics utilized by criminals. Often difficult to investigate and prosecute, mobile-deposit fraud cases are often very frustrating for investigators. This course provides statutory review and best practices examples that have led to numerous successful mobile-deposit fraud prosecutions.

Forgery: Understanding the Law (1 hour or 2 hour)

While forgery investigations may seem straightforward and uninteresting, the forgery statute in Missouri is generally under-utilized by investigators who do not understand its full potential as a valuable tool. This class, using some very interesting examples, displays the usefulness of the statute and provides much-needed best practice advice on how to how to successfully investigate offenses that are often miscategorized as identity theft, trafficking in stolen identities, fraudulent use of a credit device, stealing, or financial exploitation of the elderly.